Monday, June 5, 2017

In Indonesia: Laser leveling of farmland steps up agricultural production

Participants in the laser leveling demonstration learn the basic principles of the technology and how to operate the equipment. IRRI’s CORIGAP project supports capacity building of NARES partners and other rice-farming sectors, such as youth, to accelerate adoption of best management practices that will support Indonesia’s national goal to achieve rice self–sufficiency.

The swampy land areas of South Sumatera, Palembang are poised to become the next rice granary in Indonesia. Recently, to step up the region’s agricultural productivity, local extension professionals, farmers, and students were trained on the use of laser-assisted land leveling and tractor driving in Palembang.

Marto Suwarno, local owner of a 3-hectare rice-corn farm and leader of Gabungan Kelompok Tani (Association of Farmers’ Group) in Mulya Sari village, pointed out a problem that he has been experiencing on his farm. “I always have uneven plant growth in my rice and corn fields, but I hope there can be a solution,” he said.

Laser leveling of the land could be that solution and it was demonstrated for the local extensionists, farmers, and students on Pak Suwarno’s farm during an event on 24-25 May. Budi Raharjo, who spearheads the Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (BPTP), partnered with Pak Suwarno to illustrate the benefits of the laser leveling technology.

“After successfully conducting the land leveling during the 2-day event, Pak Suwarno will continue to plant corn and rice,” Budi pointed out. “Over the next 2 seasons, we will observe the productivity of his farm to see if there is any difference between manually leveled and laser-leveled fields.” 

Caling Balingbing, postharvest and mechanization expert at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), presented the principles and advantages of laser-assisted land leveling and answered queries on issues related to timing and soil type. He also guided BPTP staff members on properly doing automatic land leveling on Pak Suwarno’s fields.

Dr. Priatna Sasmita, BPTP director, witnessed the demonstration and actually operated the laser-leveling equipment himself.  “I think this event was a good learning opportunity for everyone,” he said. “Laser-leveling technology will help Indonesia farmers to accelerate their land preparation. It addresses the issues associated in land leveling such as labor, skills, and efficient tools. The technology is more efficient in terms of labor and time and it fits well with Indonesia’s goal to improve rice productivity as we are developing new farming areas to increase agricultural production outside of Java. It can be managed by farmer groups and BPTP can help by introducing new practice.” 

Dr. Priatna lauded everyone’s active participation. “This event brought many sectors together. We will introduce the technology through farmer groups such as Gabungan Kelompok Tani. I hope IRRI can help other agencies, such as the Indonesia Center for Rice Research (ICRR), to build our capacity to use the equipment to bring the technology forward.”

“Farmers in Indonesia have a ‘see is to believe’ attitude when evaluating a new technology, said Pak Suwarno. “So, I invite my fellow farmers to see my fields so they can observe the results with their own eyes. Looking at my field now (after the laser leveling), I can already see the difference.” 

The students were able to actually drive a tractor with a disc-plow attachment, which is another land preparation implement. “I enjoyed driving the tractor for the first time and found it is easy to use,” said Hanip Nurdiansyah, a 20-year old student from the University of Sriwijaya. “We don’t usually see tractors and big machines, so it was a happy experience to handle such equipment that can improve land productivity.” Another student, Alkahim, felt that the hands-on experience enabled him to appreciate his agricultural education even more. “I am an animal science major and experiencing this for the first time has expanded my horizons that there are more things to do in agriculture,” he said.

The event was organized by BPTP South Sumatra, in collaboration with ICRR in Sukamandi, the Indonesian Center for Agricultural Engineering Research and Development (ICAERD) in Serpong, and IRRI through the CORIGAP project. Other participants were Syngenta Jakarta and students from SMKN Tanjung Lago and University of Sriwijaya in Palembang. The BPTP South Sumatra staff members, who were earlier trained on laser leveling by the IRRI-CORIGAP project last September 2016, also trained the students on how to conduct a topographic survey.

The CORIGAP project is funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. 

by: Reianne Quilloy and Carlito Balingbing
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